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German grammar

German numbers

German numbers | List of cardinal and ordinal numbers | About cardinal numbers | About ordinal numbers
GRAMMAR INDEX


The numbers in German are cognates of their English equivalents. Like in English, the German numbers are based on a decimal system. In addition, German has both cardinal and ordinal numbers, as English does. Cardinal numbers are the numerals you use to count: one, two, three .... Ordinal numbers, on the other hand, express a relative position: first, second, third ....


List of German Numbers

  Cardinal numbers   Ordinal numbers
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
101
102
120
121
122
200
300
1.000
1.001
1.002
1.050
1.100
1.200
1.250
1.251
eins
zwei
drei
vier
fünf
sechs
sieben
acht
neun
zehn
elf
zwölf
dreizehn
vierzehn
fünfzehn
sechzehn
siebzehn
achtzehn
nehnzehn
zwanzig
einundzwanzig
zweiundzwanzig
dreiundzwanzig
vierundzwanzig
fünfundzwanzig
sechsundzwanzig
siebenundzwanzig
achtundzwanzig
neunundzwanzig
dreißig
vierzig
fünfzig
sechzig
siebzig
achtzig
neunzig
(ein)hundert
(ein)hunderteins
(ein)hundertzwei
(ein)hundertzwanzig
(ein)hunderteinundzwanzig
(ein)hundertzweiundzwanzig
zweihundert
dreihundert
(ein)tausend
(ein)tausendeins
(ein)tausendzwei
(ein)tausendfünfzig
(ein)tausendeinhundert
(ein)tausendzweihundert
(ein)tausendzweihundertfünfzig
(ein)tausendzweihunderteinundfünfzig
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
40.
50.
60.
70.
80.
90.
100.
101.
102.
120.
121.
122.
200.
300.
1.000.
1.001.
1.002.
1.050.
1.100.
1.200.
1.250.
1.251.
erste
zweite
dritte
vierte
fünfte
sechste
siebte
achte
neunte
zehnte
elfte
zwölfte
dreizehnte
vierzehnte
fünfzehnte
sechzehnte
siebzehnte
achtzehnte
nehnzehnte
zwanzigste
einundzwanzigste
zweiundzwanzigste
dreiundzwanzigste
vierundzwanzigste
fünfundzwanzigste
sechsundzwanzigste
siebenundzwanzigste
achtundzwanzigste
neunundzwanzigste
dreißigste
vierzigste
fünfzigste
sechzigste
siebzigste
achtzigste
neunzigste
(ein)hundertste
(ein)hunderterste
(ein)hundertzweite
(ein)hundertzwanzigste
(ein)hunderteinundzwanzigste
(ein)hundertzweiundzwanzigste
zweihundertste
dreihundertste
(ein)tausendste
(ein)tausenderste
(ein)tausendzweite
(ein)tausendfünfzigste
(ein)tausendeinhundertste
(ein)tausendzweihundertste
(ein)tausendzweihundertfünfzigste
(ein)tausendzweihunderteinundfünfzigste
10.000
100.000
1.000.000
1.000.000.000
zehntausend
hunderttausend
eine Million
eine Millarde
10.000.
100.000.
1.000.000.
1.000.000.000.
zehntausendste
hunderttausendste
millionste
milliardste


German numbers | List of cardinal and ordinal numbers | About cardinal numbers | About ordinal numbers
GRAMMAR INDEX


CARDINAL NUMBERS
Note that German numbers between 21 and 99 that are not multiples of ten (30, 40, 50 ...) are expressed in reverse: one-and-twenty, two-and-twenty, etc. Note that these are the same numbers that are combined with a hyphen when written out in English. This includes larger numbers that have numerals between 21 and 99 within them:

123. 456
einhundertdreiundzwanzigtausend
one hundred twenty-three thousand,
vierhundertsechsundfünfzig
four hundred fifty-six

As seen above, German uses a period in numbers where English uses a comma. And German uses the comma in the stead of the decimal point. In addition, German numbers below one million are written as one word.

German   English
4.500   "viertausendfünfhundert"   4,500   "four thousand, five hundred"
€ 25,89   "fünfundzwanzig Euro neunundachtzig"   € 25.89   "twenty-five euros eighty-nine (cents)"
5,5 Millionen   "fünf Komma fünf Millionen"   5.5 million   "five point five million"
1,9 %   "eins Komma neun Prozent"   1.9 %   "one point nine percent"


German numbers | List of cardinal and ordinal numbers | About cardinal numbers | About ordinal numbers
GRAMMAR INDEX


ORDINAL NUMBERS
The ordinal numbers are in most cases created by simply adding a suffix to a cardinal number. Numbers from 1 to 19 add -te, and numbers 20 and above add -ste. Exceptions are 1 (erste) and 3 (dritte) whose ordinals are based on a changed root, 7 (siebte), which drops the -en before adding the ordinal suffix -te and 8 (achte) which adds only an -e because the number already ends in -t.

The -e ending on each ordinal number is in fact an adjective ending. The ending could change based on the case in which it appears and on the gender and number of the noun it modifies. Possible suffixes are: -e, -en, -er, -es, and less commonly -em.

Ich lese das Buch jetzt zum vierten Mal.
Mein zweites Semester kommt bald zu Ende.
Heute ist der zwanzigste April.
Bald ist unser fünfundreißigster Hochzeitstag.

Ordinal numbers may also be expressed in writing by including a period after a number. However, these must still be spoken with the correct ordinal suffix and the correct adjective endings. Therefore, the sentences below would be read aloud exactly as the ones above:

Ich lese das Buch jetzt zum 4. Mal.
Mein 2. Semester kommt bald zu Ende.
Heute ist der 20. April.
Bald ist unser 35. Hochzeitstag.

German numbers | List of cardinal and ordinal numbers | About cardinal numbers | About ordinal numbers
GRAMMAR INDEX


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