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Top 20 countries by number of languages


Language statistics & facts | Top 30 languages | 20 countries with the most languages
Language families: By speakers - By languages | Languages in the United States


While most countries have one or a handful of official or nationally recognized languages, there are typically groups of people residing in each country whose first language is something other than the nation's lingua franca. The numbers of such groups differ from country to country, and the size of these minority language "groups" can range from a single individual to millions of speakers.

Top 20 Languages by Number of Languages Spoken
Data source: Ethnologue: Languages of the World, 15th ed. (2005) & CIA World Fact Book.

  Country # of languages   % of world
languages
  Official or national language(s) Total population
(July 2005 est.)
1. Papua New Guinea 820   11.86%   Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin,
English
5,545,268
2. Indonesia 742   10.73%   Indonesian 241,973,879
3. Nigeria 516   7.47%   Edo, Efik, Adamawa Fulfulde, Hausa, Idoma, Igbo, Central Kanuri, Yoruba, English 128,771,988
4. India 427   6.18%   Lingua franca: English & Hindi
Official languages: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Oriya, Eastern Panjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
1,080,264,388
5. USA 311   4.50%   English
Regional: Hawaiian (in Hawaii), Spanish (in New Mexico)
295,734,134
6. Mexico 297   4.30%   Spanish 106,202,903
7. Cameroon 280   4.05%   English, French 16,380,005
8. Australia 275   3.98%   English 20,090,437
9. China 241   3.49%   Mandarin Chinese
Regional: Daur, Kalmyk-Oirat, Lu, Peripheral Mongolian, Central Tibetan, Uyghur, Xibe, Northern Zhuang
1,306,313,812
10. Democratic Republic of Congo 216   3.12%   Koongo, Lingala, Luba-Kasai, Congo Swahili, French 60,085,804



  Country # of languages   % of world
languages
  Official or national language(s) Total population
(July 2005 est.)
11. Brazil 200   2.89%   Portuguese 186,112,794
12. Philippines 180   2.60%   Filipino, English 87,857,473
13. Malaysia 147   2.13%   Malay 23,953,136
14. Canada 145   2.10%   English, French 32,805,041
15. Sudan 134   1.94%   Standard Arabic 40,187,486
16. Chad 1.22   1.92%   Standard Arabic, French 9,826,419
17. Russia 129   1.87%   Russian 143,420,309
18. Tanzania 128   1.85%   Swahili, English 36,766,356
19. Nepal 125   1.81%   Nepali 27,676,547
20. Vanuatu 115   1.66%   Bislama, English 205,754



Language statistics & facts | Top 30 languages | 20 countries with the most languages
Language families: By speakers - By languages | Languages in the United States


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